FINKELSTEIN, ISRAEL


FINKELSTEIN, ISRAEL
FINKELSTEIN, ISRAEL (1949– ). Israeli archaeologist, specializing in the Bronze and Iron Ages. Born in Tel Aviv, Finkelstein received his high school education in Petaḥ Tikva, before serving in the army. He undertook his graduate studies at Tel Aviv University in Archaeology and Near Eastern Studies, and in Geography, completing his M.A. in 1978, and writing a Ph.D. on the Izbet Sartah excavations in 1983. Finkelstein began teaching in various institutions from the late 1970s, serving as an associate professor at Bar-Ilan University (1987–90) and at the University of Chicago (1987), before taking up a full-time position at Tel Aviv University in 1990 and as a full professor (from 1992), becoming the director of the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology between 1996 and 2003 and the incumbent of the Jacob M. Alkow Chair in the Archaeology of Israel in the Bronze and Iron Ages from 2002. Finkelstein has been the mentor and guide for many of the younger generations of Israeli archaeologists. Having participated from the early 1970s in major archaeological excavations at Tel Beer Sheva, Tel Aphek and in surveys in Sinai, Finkelstein became the field director of the Izbet Sartah excavations between 1976–78, and later the director of excavations at Shiloh (1981–84), the director of the Southern Samaria Survey (1980–87), and more recently a codirector (together with D. Ussishkin and B. Halpern) of the important excavations at Megiddo. Finkelstein is a prolific writer with more than 130 articles to his credit, and numerous books, notably The Archaeology of the Israelite Settlement (1988) and Living on the Fringe: The Archaeology and History of the Negev, Sinai and Neighbouring Regions in the Bronze and Iron Ages (1995). In a key article published in 1996 titled "The Archaeology of the United Monarchy: An Alternative View" (Levant 28: 177–87), Finkelstein suggested lowering the conventional dates for the Early Iron Age by 75–100 years, thereby sparking off an important debate amongst scholars on matters relating to the absolute chronology of the Iron Age. Finkelstein's controversial views were summed up in his book The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of its Sacred Texts (2001; co-authored with N.A. Silberman). In 2005 Finkelstein was made laureate of the prestigious Dan David Prize in the Past Dimension – Archaeology. (Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Israel Finkelstein — Israël Finkelstein Pour les articles homonymes, voir Finkelstein. Israël Finkelstein est un archéologue israélien, directeur de l Institut d Archéologie de l Université de Tel Aviv et co responsable des fouilles de Megiddo (25 strates… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Israel (Personenname) — Israel ist ein hebräischer Familienname und männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familienname 2.3 Künstlername …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israel und Juda: Antike Kleinstaaten —   Unter den Geschichten der alten Völker des Vorderen Orients spielt die Geschichte des antiken Israel eine ganz besondere Rolle. Sie ist die Einzige, die von der Frühzeit eines Volkes berichtet, das seit der Antike trotz furchtbarer Katastrophen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Israël Finkelstein — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Finkelstein. Israël Finkelstein est un archéologue israélien, directeur de l Institut d Archéologie de l Université de Tel Aviv et co responsable des fouilles de Megiddo (25 strates archéologiques, 7000 ans d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Israel Finkelstein — is an Israeli archaeologist and academic. He is currently the Jacob M. Alkow Professor of the Archaeology of Israel in the Bronze Age and Iron Ages at Tel Aviv University and is also the co director of excavations at Megiddo in northern Israel.… …   Wikipedia

  • Israel Finkelstein — Israel Finkelstein, 2007 Israel Finkelstein (hebräisch ‏ישראל פינקלשטיין‎; * 1949 in Petach Tikwa) ist Direktor des Archäologischen Instituts der Universität von Tel Aviv. Er hat als Gastprofessor in Chicago, Harvard und an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israel Finkelstein — (nacido en 1949 en Petaj Tikva, Israel) es un arqueólogo y académico israelí, director del Instituto de Arqueología de la Universidad de Tel Aviv y co responsable de las excavaciones en Megido (25 estratos arqueológicos, que abarcan 7.000 años de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Finkelstein — (פֿינק(ע)לשׁטײַן, פינקלשׁט(י)ין, Финкельштейн) is a German and Yiddish surname (originated from German Karfunkelstein , a carbuncle stone ) shared by a number of notable individuals:* Arthur Fields ( Abe Finkelstein ) * Arthur J. Finkelstein, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Finkelstein — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: David Finkelstein (* 1929), US amerikanischer Physiker, Professor am Georgia Institute of Technology Hans Finkelstein (1885 1938), deutscher Chemiker, nach dem die Finkelstein Reaktion benannt ist Harry… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FINKELSTEIN, LOUIS — (1895–1991), U.S. Conservative rabbi, scholar, and educator. Finkelstein was born in Cincinnati. His father, an Orthodox rabbi, supervised his early Jewish education. He graduated from the College of the City of New York   (1915) and took his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism